Lenovo and BIOS Settings

Lenovo has provided numerous series of devices, which apparently do not have an aligned standard of handling BIOS / UEFI settings or BIOS / UEFI upgrades. As part of this headache and to ease the burden of jumping between the different device types I started to dive in to harmonize our scripts. As previously written Lenovo has a few odd design decisions – you can for example not reduce security via script. To disable TPM or SecureBoot you would be required to alter this via a keyboard. However, setting the initial password (increasing the security) also requires that you do this by manually typing it into the settings. In addition to the above challenges I reached the following conclusion;

1. It is most likely only relevant to enable any setting.
2. Handling passwords stinks (setting them etc)
3.  Settings between different models in a series can vary by name and vary by name of the possible values to set
4. WMI-classes used differs between series (ThinkStation, ThinkPad and ThinkCentre)

For example, ThinkPad has the GetBIOSSelections class, which can present the different possibilities for a specific setting. However, ThinkCentre does not have this class, but instead present options via a [bracket] indicator in the output of the currentsetting.

How would one deal with all this mess?

Two functions are provided – one for figuring our howto enable a specific setting. The other one for setting each setting. Its ugly – as the more models, bios-versions and whatnot I get a hold of the uglier variations of this I find. The initial attempt was to keep it as generic as possible.The best way to explain what I have todo sometimes;

 

Function Get-LenovoBIOSSettingValue {
    param(
        [Alias("BIOSSetting")]
        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
        [Array]$Setting
        
    ) 

    begin {
            $complex = $null
            if(Get-WmiObject -namespace root\wmi -List | where { $_.Name -eq "Lenovo_GetBiosSelections"})
            {
                      $complex = $false
                      Write-verbose "Lenovo GetBiosSelections does exist"
            }
            else
            {
                      $complex = $true
                      Write-verbose "Lenovo GetBiosSelections does not exist"
            }
    }

    process {
            foreach ($s in $setting) {
                $value = $null
                $selections = $null
                $findsetting = $null
        
                If ($complex -eq $true) {
                    $findsetting = gwmi -class Lenovo_BiosSetting -namespace root\wmi | Where-Object {$_.CurrentSetting.split(",",[StringSplitOptions]::RemoveEmptyEntries) -like $s} | Select-Object CurrentSetting
                    try {
                        $value = $findsetting.CurrentSetting.split(",",[StringSplitOptions]::RemoveEmptyEntries)[0]
                    }
                    catch {
                       # write-output "Unable to convert $s to value"
                    }                        
                    $r = [regex] '(?<=\[).+?(?=\])'
                    try {

                         [string]$checkvalue = $findsetting.CurrentSetting.split(",",[StringSplitOptions]::RemoveEmptyEntries)[1].split(";",[StringSplitOptions]::RemoveEmptyEntries)[0]
                         $appliedselection = $checkvalue
                        if ([string]$($findsetting.CurrentSetting.split(";",[StringSplitOptions]::RemoveEmptyEntries)[1]) -Match 'Status:ShowOnly') {


                            if($checkvalue -like  "Active*" -or $checkvalue -like  "Enabl*"  -or $checkvalue -like 'Discrete*TPM*' ) 
                            {
                                    if ($value -like 'Security*Chip*') {
                                            $value = $null
                                            $selections = $null
                                            $findsetting = $null
                                    }
                                
                            }
                            else {
                                $value = $null
                                $selections = $null
                                $findsetting = $null
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    catch {
                        #noerror
                    }
                    $selections = ($r.match($findsetting.currentsetting).value).split(":").split(",") | Where-Object {$_ -like "Active*" -or $_ -like "Enabl*" -or $_ -like 'Discrete*TPM*' }
                    
                    if ($selections -is [array] -and $selections -contains 'Enable') {
                        $selections = $selections| Where-Object { $_ -like "Enabl*" }
                    }
    
                }
                else {

                    
                    try {
                        $findsetting = Get-WmiObject -Class Lenovo_BiosSetting -Namespace root\WMI | Where-Object {$_.CurrentSetting -match $s} | Select-Object CurrentSetting
                        $value = $findsetting.currentsetting.split(",")[0]
                        $appliedselection = $findsetting.currentsetting.split(",")[1]
                    }
                    catch {
                        #write-output "Unable to convert $s to value"
                    }

                    $selections = ((gwmi –class Lenovo_GetBiosSelections –namespace root\wmi).GetBiosSelections($value).selections).split(",") | Where-Object {$_ -like "Active*" -or $_ -like "Enabl*" }
                    if ($selections -is [array] -and $selections -contains 'Enable') {
                        $selections = $selections| Where-Object { $_ -like "Enabl*" }
                    }
                }
                if ($value -ne $null -and $selections -ne $null) {
                    $object = New-Object –TypeName PSObject
                    $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Setting –Value $($value)
                    $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Current –Value $($appliedselection)
                    $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Selection –Value $($selections) 
                    $object

                    #write-output "$s provided $value, which can be set to $selections"
                }
            }
    }
}

Function Set-LenovoBIOSSetting {
    param(
        [Alias("BIOSSetting")]
        [Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory = $true, ValueFromPipeline = $true, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true)]
        [Array]$Setting,
        [Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory = $false)]
        [String]$Password
        
    )

    begin {
        $wmi = Get-WmiObject -Class Lenovo_SetBiosSetting -Namespace root\wmi -ErrorAction Stop
        $object = $null
        if ($object) {
            Remove-Variable -Name $object
        }
        #$setting
    }

    process {
    
     
        foreach ($s in $setting) {
        #$s
            $result = $null
                 if ($s.Current -ne $s.Selection) {
                       $result = ($wmi.SetBiosSetting("$($s.setting),$($s.selection)$password")).return
                        $object = New-Object –TypeName PSObject
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Setting –Value $($s.setting)
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Current –Value $($s.selection)
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Result –Value $result
                        $object
                 }
                 else {

                        $object = New-Object –TypeName PSObject
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Setting –Value $($s.setting)
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Current –Value $($s.Current)
                        $object | Add-Member –MemberType NoteProperty –Name Result –Value 'Not updated'
                        $object
                }
         }
    }

}

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